The English word guitar, the German Gitarre, and the French guitare were adopted from the Spanish guitarra, which comes from the Andalusian Arabic قيثارة qitara, itself derived from the Latin cithara, which in turn came from the Ancient Greek κιθάρα kithara. A guitar is a popular musical instrument that makes sound by the playing of its six strings. It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the right hand while fretting the strings with the left hand.

The guitar is a type of chordophone, traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning.

There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the classical guitar (nylon-string guitar), the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar. Electric guitars, introduced in the 1930s, use an amplifier that can electronically manipulate and shape the tone. Electric guitars, introduced in the 1930s, use an amplifier that can electronically manipulate and shape the tone.


The violin, also known as a fiddle, is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. Someone who plays the violin is called a violinist or a fiddler. The violinist produces sound by drawing a bow across one or more strings, by plucking the strings, or by a variety of other techniques. The word violin comes from the Medieval Latin word vitula, meaning stringed instrument; this word is also believed to be the source of the Germanic "fiddle".

The oldest documented violin to have four strings, like the modern violin, is supposed to have been constructed in 1555 by Andrea Amati, but the date is unknown Venice gave an important contribution to the birth of the violin that was known locally as the "lira," probably derived from the name of the Byzantine upright bowed instrument.


A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard. Today, the term "keyboard" is most commonly used to refer to keyboard-style synthesizers. One can also say Keyboard is the electronic form of a Harmonium.


The tabla is a membranophone percussion instrument. The instrument consists of a pair of hand drums of contrasting sizes and timbres. The term tabla is derived from an Arabic word, tabl, which simply means "drum." The tabla is thought to have been invented by the Indian Sufi poet and musician Amir Khusro in the 13th century, originating from the need to have a drum that could be played from the top in the sitting position to enable the more complex rhythm structures.

Amir Khusro supposedly created the tabla by splitting the mridangam or the pakhawajin two. ("Toda, tab bhi bola – tabla" – "When broke, it still spoke" – is a fairly well known Hindi pun.) The smaller drum, played with the dominant hand, is sometimes called dayan (literally "right"), dāhina, siddha or chattū, but is correctly called the "tabla." The larger drum, played with the other hand, is called bāyāñ (literally "left") or sometimes dagga, duggī or dhāmā. Both drum shells are covered with a head (puri) constructed from goat or cow skin.


The flute is a family of musical instrument of the woodwind group. A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, a flautist The word flute first entered the English language during the Middle English period, as floute, or else flowte, flo(y)te, possibly from Old French flaute and from Old Provençal flaüt, or else from Old French fleüte, flaüte, flahute via Middle High German floite or Dutch fluit.

Two main varieties of Indian flutes are currently used. The first, the Bansuri, has six finger holes and one embouchure hole, and is used predominantly in the Hindustani music of Northern India. The second, the Venu or Pullanguzhal, has eight finger holes, and is played predominantly in the Carnatic music of Southern India. The quality of the flute's sound depends somewhat on the specific bamboo used to make it, and it is generally agreed that the best bamboo grows in the Nagercoil area in South India.


Indian classical music is the art music of the Indian subcontinent. The origins of Indian classical music can be found in the Vedas, which are the oldest scriptures in the Hindu tradition. Classical music is the Hindustani or North Indian style of Indian classical music found throughout North India. The style is called 'Shastriya Sangeet'. It is a tradition that originated in Vedic ritual chants and has been evolving since the 12th century CE.

Indian classical music is both elaborate and expressive. Indian classical music places great emphasis on improvisation.